Gum diseases (periodontal diseases), which cause about 60-70% of tooth loss today, are extremely important and should be taken into account. If early diagnosis can be made and treatment is started quickly, a high success can be achieved in the process and the patient can successfully get rid of the diseases.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
Inflammation-like discharge formation between the gums and teeth, Sensitivity in the gums, Recession in the gums, Redness and swelling of the gums, Teeth cleaning, brushing or random bleeding gums, Teeth moving away from each other or swinging, Bad odors in the mouth If such factors are observed, we recommend that you consult your dentist quickly.
Why do gum diseases occur?
When the general conditions of the patients are examined, it is seen that the common factor is the dental plaque caused by the bacteria, causing gum diseases. If you do not keep your mouth and teeth clean as necessary and correctly, structures called tartar or tartar form on the tooth surface. Bacteria living in these plaques surround your teeth and over time they begin to disrupt the structure of the gums. They weaken the bonds that hold your teeth to the gums and struggle to penetrate deeper tissues. If it is not treated over time, the bacteria on your teeth will continue to progress and can reach the bone.
Why do gum diseases occur?
Malnutrition There are many nutrients, minerals and vitamins that our body needs. A balanced and regular diet is very important, especially in terms of oral and dental health. In case of malnutrition, the body becomes vulnerable and cannot take the values it should take, and infections occur. This can cause gum disease.
Diabetes In case of insufficient secretion of insulin hormone, it is a disease that causes some problems in the body and needs attention. Diabetes patients may experience dry mouth, loss of taste and mouth burning. Diabetic patients, who have low defenses against infections, should be careful about oral diseases.
Menopause, pregnancy and puberty In special periods, the bodies can wrap different hormones. For this reason, as in many parts of their bodies, there are differences in the gum tissues. In these periods when microorganisms increase in number, it is necessary to pay attention to oral and dental health and to use regular dental floss.
Cigaret Smoking, which causes many diseases as a result of its use, also causes periodontal diseases. Along with the chemicals it contains, the high temperature effect of cigarettes also causes gum problems.
How are gum diseases treated?
Problems caused by diseases are identified. Then the root of this problem must be found. By cleaning the plaque, it is ensured that the root surface has a smooth structure and is healthy. Daily oral and dental care is very important after treatment. If there is an advanced gum disease, a surgical intervention may be required. Have you read our article about Smile Design?